Difference between revisions of "Chittamatra"

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The '''Chittamatra''' (Tib. ''semtsampa''; ''sems tsam pa'') or 'Mind Only' School is a [[Mahayana]] school. They say that all phenomena are merely mind--the [[all-ground consciousness]] manifesting as environment, objects and the physical body, as a result of habitual tendencies stored within the all-ground.
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[[Image:Asanga.JPG|frame|[[Asanga]]]]
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The '''Chittamatra''' (Skt. ''Cittamātra''; Tib. [[སེམས་ཙམ་པ་]], ''Semtsampa'', [[Wyl.]] ''sems tsam pa'') or 'Mind Only' School is a [[Mahayana]] school founded by [[Asanga]] in the 4th century AD. Its followers say that all phenomena are merely mind—the [[all-ground consciousness]] manifesting as environment, objects and the physical body, as a result of habitual tendencies stored within the all-ground.
  
===The Three Natures===
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This school is also known under the names of '''[[Yogachara]]''' and '''Vijñānavāda'''.
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==Canonical Literature==
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===Sutras===
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*[[Avatamsaka Sutra]]
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*[[Lankavatara Sutra]]
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*[[Samadhiraja Sutra]]
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*[[Samdhinirmochana Sutra]]
  
They divide all phenomena into the [[three natures]]’: the imputed or 'imaginary, the dependent, and the truly established.
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===Shastras===
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*[[Thirty Stanzas]]
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*[[Treatise on the Three Natures]]
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*[[Twenty Stanzas]]
  
===The Chittamatra View of the Two Truths===
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==Tenets==
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===The Three Natures===
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They divide all phenomena into the ‘[[three natures]]’:
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*the [[imputed nature|imputed]] or 'imaginary',
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*the [[dependent nature|dependent]], and
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*the [[truly existent nature|truly established]].
  
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===The Chittamatra View of the [[two truths|Two Truths]]===
 
[[Khenpo Ngakchung]] says:
 
[[Khenpo Ngakchung]] says:
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:All the dualistic phenomena of the imputed nature and the mind and mental phenomena of the dependent nature are the deceiving phenomena of delusion, the '''[[relative truth]]'''. The essence of the dependent nature, which is the naturally luminous consciousness, and the fully established nature, which is the fact that this [i.e., the dependent nature] is empty of the dualistic projections of the imputed nature—comprising the nature of reality and wisdom—are said to be the '''[[absolute truth]]'''.
  
All the dualistic phenomena of the imputed nature and the mind and mental phenomena of the dependent nature are the deceiving phenomena of delusion, the '''[[relative truth]]'''. The essence of the dependent nature, which is the naturally luminous consciousness, and the fully established nature, which is the fact that this [i.e., the dependent nature] is empty of the dualistic projections of the imputed nature—comprising the nature of reality and wisdom—are said to be the '''[[absolute truth]]'''.
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==Subschools==
 
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There are two subschools of Mind Only:  
===Subschools===
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#[[True Aspectarians]] and  
There are two subschools of Mind Only: (1) [[True Aspectarians]] and (2) [[False Aspectarians]].
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#[[False Aspectarians]].
  
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==Alternative Translations==
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*Mere Mentalist (Brunnholz)
  
 
[[Category:Key Terms]]
 
[[Category:Key Terms]]
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[[Category:Chittamatra]]
 
[[Category:Schools and Lineages]]
 
[[Category:Schools and Lineages]]
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[[Category:Philosophical Tenets]]
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[[Category:Mahayana]]
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[[Category:Sanskrit Terms]]

Revision as of 11:42, 13 November 2020

The Chittamatra (Skt. Cittamātra; Tib. སེམས་ཙམ་པ་, Semtsampa, Wyl. sems tsam pa) or 'Mind Only' School is a Mahayana school founded by Asanga in the 4th century AD. Its followers say that all phenomena are merely mind—the all-ground consciousness manifesting as environment, objects and the physical body, as a result of habitual tendencies stored within the all-ground.

This school is also known under the names of Yogachara and Vijñānavāda.

Canonical Literature

Sutras

Shastras

Tenets

The Three Natures

They divide all phenomena into the ‘three natures’:

The Chittamatra View of the Two Truths

Khenpo Ngakchung says:

All the dualistic phenomena of the imputed nature and the mind and mental phenomena of the dependent nature are the deceiving phenomena of delusion, the relative truth. The essence of the dependent nature, which is the naturally luminous consciousness, and the fully established nature, which is the fact that this [i.e., the dependent nature] is empty of the dualistic projections of the imputed nature—comprising the nature of reality and wisdom—are said to be the absolute truth.

Subschools

There are two subschools of Mind Only:

  1. True Aspectarians and
  2. False Aspectarians.

Alternative Translations

  • Mere Mentalist (Brunnholz)