Seven Tathagatas

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The Seven Tathagatas (Skt. sapta-tathāgata; Tib. དེ་བཞིན་གཤེགས་པ་བདུན་, Wyl. de bzhin gshegs pa bdun) — a set of seven buddhas appearing in two Kriya Tantra texts[1]. With the addition of Shakyamuni Buddha, they are often called Eight Lords of Physicians. They are:

  1. Renowned King of Splendour (Skt. Suparikīrtitanāmaśrīrāja; Wyl. mtshan legs yongs grags dpal gyi rgyal po)
  2. Jewel, Moon and Lotus Adorned King of Intelligence, Brilliance and Eloquence (Skt. Ratnacandrapadmapratimaṇḍitapaṇḍitatejasvaraghoṣarāja; Wyl. rin po che dang zla ba dang padmas rab tu brgyan pa mkhas pa gzi brjid sgra dbyangs kyi rgyal po)
  3. Flawless Pure Gold, Jewel Light, Master of Courageous Conduct (Skt. Suvarṇabhadravimalaratnaprabhāsavrata; Wyl. gser bzang dri med rin chen snang brtul zhugs pa)
  4. Sorrowless Eminent Splendour (Skt. Aśokottamaśrī; Wyl. mya ngan med mchog dpal)
  5. Dharma Expounding Melodious Ocean (Skt. Dharmakīrtisāgaraghoṣa; Wyl. chos sgrags rgya mtsho’i dbyang)
  6. King of Insight, Playful Dharma Ocean of Higher Knowledge (Skt. Dharmasāgarāgramativikrīḍitābhijñārāja; Wyl. chos rgya mtsho mchog gi blos rnam par rol bar mngon par mkhyen pa’i rgyal po)
  7. Lord of Physicians, Radiant Lapis Lazuli King aka the 'Buddha of Medicine' (Skt. Bhaiṣajyaguru-Vaiḍūryaprabhārāja; Wyl. sman gyi bla bai dū rya’i ’od kyi rgyal po)

References

  1. The Sūtra Describing in Full the Specific Previous Vows of the Seven Tathāgatas (D 503, Skt. sapta-tathāgata-pūrva-praṇi­dhāna-viśeṣa-vistāra-sūtra; Wyl. phags pa de bzhin gshegs pa bdun gyi sngon gyi smon lam gyi khyad par rgyas pa zhes bya ba theg pa chen po'i mdo) and The Incantation of Vaiḍūrya-prabhā (D 505, Skt. tathāgata-vaiḍūrya-prabhā-nāma-balādhāna-samādhi-dhāraṇī; Wyl. bai DUr+ya'i 'od gyi gzungs)