Matthew Kapstein (b. 1949) is a Tibetan translator and scholar of Tibetan religions. He is Numata Professor of Buddhist Studies at the University of Chicago. His publications include the Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism: Conversion, Contestation, and Memory and, with the anthropologist Melvyn C. Goldstein, Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet: Religious Revival and Cultural Identity. He is co-translator of the late H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche’s The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism. Since 2002 he has also served as director of Tibetan Studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris.