Ascertainment of the Three Types of Vows

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Ngari Panchen

Ascertainment of the Three Types of Vows (Tib. སྡོམ་གསུམ་རྣམ་ངེས་, Dom Sum, Wyl. sdom gsum rnam nges) — an important treatise on the three sets of vows from a Dzogchen perspective by Ngari Panchen Pema Wangyal (1487-1542).

There are five chapters:

  1. A Brief Explanation of the Stages of the Main Teaching
  2. An Explanation of the Pratimoksha-vinaya
  3. The Bodhisattva Vows
  4. Secret Mantra
  5. An Explanation of How to Practise the Three Vows Together without Conflict

Tibetan Text


  • Ngari Panchen, Perfect Conduct: Ascertaining the Three Vows, with commentary by Dudjom Rinpoche (Boston: Wisdom Publications 1996), ISBN 978-0861710836


སྡོམ་གསུམ་རྣམ་ངེས་ཀྱི་རྣམ་བཤད་པཎ་ཆེན་དགོངས་པ་རབ་གསལ་བཻ་ཌཱུར་དཀར་པོའི་འོད་སྣང་སྐལ་བཟང་འཇུག་ངོགས་ཀྱི་སྔ་དུམ།, sdom gsum rnam nges kyi rnam bshad paN chen dgongs pa rab gsal bai DUr dkar po'i 'od snang skal bzang 'jug ngogs kyi snga dum/, gsum 'bum Vol 5, p.3.
སྡོམ་གསུམ་རྣམ་ངེས་འབྲུ་འགྲེལ།, sdom gsum rnam nges 'bru 'grel/, Dudjom Rinpoche gsum 'bum, Vol 4, p.7.

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