Wrong view

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The state of wrong view or wrong belief (Skt. dṛṣṭi; Tib. ལྟ་བ་ཉོན་མོངས་ཅན་, tawa nyönmong chen, Wyl. lta ba nyon mongs can) is one of the fifty-one mental states defined in Abhidharma literature. According to the Compendium of Abhidharma, it belongs to the subgroup of the six root destructive emotions.


In the Khenjuk, Mipham Rinpoche says:

  • Tib. ལྟ་བ་(ནི་ཤེས་རབ་)ཉོན་མོངས་ཅན་ཐམས་ཅད་ལྟ་བ་སྟེ། ལྟ་བ་ངན་པ་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་རྟེན་བྱེད་པའོ།[1]
  • Beliefs are all the views of afflicted wisdom. They form the support for all unwholesome beliefs. (Rigpa Translations)
  • Belief is the view of all kinds of disturbed [discrimination]. It forms the support for all unwholesome beliefs. (Erik Pema Kunsang)


It can be subdivided into five wrong views (Tib. ལྟ་བ་ལྔ་, Wyl. lta ba lnga):

  1. the view of the transitory collection (Skt. satkāyadṛṣṭi; Tib. འཇིག་ཚོགས་ལ་ལྟ་བ་, Wyl. 'jig tshogs la lta ba) which is the basis for the other four wrong views of beliefs
  2. extremist views (Skt. antagrāhadṛṣṭi; Tib. མཐར་འཛིན་པའི་ལྟ་བ་, Wyl. mthar 'dzin pa'i lta ba) such as eternalism and nihilism
  3. wrong views (Skt. mithyadṛṣṭi; Tib. ལོག་ལྟ་, Wyl. log lta), which cut the roots of virtue
  4. belief in ideological supremacy (Skt. dṛṣṭiparāmarśa; Tib. ལྟ་བ་མཆོག་འཛིན་, Wyl. lta ba mchog 'dzin)
  5. belief in ethical and ritual supremacy (Skt. śilavrataparāmarśa; Tib. ཚུལ་ཁྲིམས་དང་བརྟུལ་ཞུགས་མཆོག་འཛིན་, Wyl. tshul khrims dang brtul zhugs mchog 'dzin)


  1. Supplemented with Khenpo Nuden.

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