The Exposition on the Universal Gateway

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In The Exposition on the Universal Gateway (Skt. Āryasamantamukhaparivartanāmamahāyānasutra (Samantamukhaparivarta); Tib. འཕགས་པ་ཀུན་ནས་སྒོའི་ལེའུ་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་ཐེག་པ་ཆེན་པོའི་མདོ། (ཀུན་ནས་སྒོའི་ལེའུ།), Wyl. ’phags pa kun nas sgo’i le’u zhes bya ba theg pa chen po’i mdo (kun nas sgo'i le'u)), the bodhisattva Amalagarbha arrives in this world from a distant pure land to request teachings from the Buddha Shakyamuni. The Buddha proceeds to explain to all assembled bodhisattvas, monks, and lay devotees the manner in which the five aggregates are equal to meditative absorption. He also explains how the various classes of beings and all other phenomena are absorption as well. In conclusion, he lists the names of various absorptions and the benefits one obtains upon attaining these states.[1]


This sutra (Toh 54) is the tenth among forty-nine sutras (Toh 45 to Toh 93) included in the Heap of Jewels collection in the Tibetan Kangyur.


  1. 84000 Translating the Words of the Buddha.