Four Female Demons

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The Four Female Demons (Tib. བདུད་མོ་བཞི་, dümo shyi)[1] are female protector deities of Tibet bound under oath by Guru Padmasambhava. They are:

  1. Great Sovereign - Dorje Kundrakma (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་ཀུན་གྲགས་མ་)
  2. Glorious Hari - Dorje Yama Kyong (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་གཡའ་མ་སྐྱོང་)
  3. Turquoise Mist of Snow Mountains - Dorje Kuntu Zang (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་ཀུན་ཏུ་བཟང་)
  4. Tamer of the Hordes of the Vast Pastures - Dorje Gek kyi Tso (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་བགེགས་ཀྱི་གཙོ་)


  1. The notes on Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo, Entering the Path of Wisdom, by Jamyang Drakpa, as recorded by Jokhyab Rinpoche, from Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo, Vol. 2, published by Rangjung Yeshe Publications, ISBN 962-7341-33-9, page205. Original source mentioned in the notes is Ratna Lingpa’s Tukdrub Yangdü.

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