Four Menmo

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The Four Menmo (Tib. Menmo Shyi) [1] are female protector deities of Tibet, bound under oath by Guru Padmasambhava. They are:-

  1. Kongtsün Demo - Dorje Bö Kham Kyong (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་བོད་ཁམས་སྐྱོང་)
  2. Tsenla Rölpe - Dorje Menchikma (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་སྨན་གཅིག་མ་)
  3. Turquoise Bell - Dorje Zulema (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་ཟུ་ལེ་མ་)
  4. Mentsün Ugchö - Dorje Yarmo Sil (Tib. རྡོ་རྗེ་གཡར་མོ་བསིལ་)


  1. * The notes on Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo, ‘Entering the Path of Wisdom’, by Jamyang Drakpa, as recorded by Jokhyab Rinpoche, from Lamrim Yeshe Nyingpo, Vol. 2, published by Rangjung Yeshe Publications, ISBN 962-7341-33-9, page205. Original source mentioned in the notes is Ratna Lingpa’s Tukdrub Yangdü.

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