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Nāropa (Tib. ནཱ་རོ་པ་) or Nadapada or Abhayakirti (956-1040)[1] was an important master in the Kagyü tradition. He was a disciple of the mahasiddha Tilopa and a teacher of Marpa the translator and many others. He is also counted among the eighty-four mahasiddhas.


  1. Peter Roberts gives Naropa's dates as 956-1040, and explains that the common dating of 1016-1100 is based on a literal reading of Tsangnyön Heruka's account of the life of Marpa, including visionary accounts without historical basis. See Mahamudra and Related Instructions, p. 14.

Further Reading

  • Abhayadatta, Buddha's Lions: Lives of the Eighty-four Siddhas, Emeryville, Dharma Publishing, 1979, ISBN 978-0913546604
  • Chögyam Trungpa, Illusion's Game: The Life and Teaching of Naropa. Boston and London: Shambhala, 1994, ISBN 978-0877738572
  • Herbert V. Guenther, The Life and Teaching of Naropa, Boston: Shambala, 1999, ISBN 978-1570621017
  • Peter Alan Roberts, Mahāmudrā and Related Instructions: Core Teachings of the Kagyü Schools, Boston: Wisdom, 2011, ISBN 978-0861714445

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