Obstacle makers

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Obstacle makers or obstructing forces (Skt. vighna; Tib.བགེགས་, gek, Wyl. bgegs) are described as spirits or forces that are always harmful to sentient beings.[1]


  1. Dhongthog Rinpoche, sde gzhung lung rigs sprul sku kun dga' bstan pa'i nyi ma'i zhal snga nas snga rjes thos pa'i gdams ngag dang lo rgyus rnams kyi zin bris phyogs bsgrigs, Sapan Institute, p.2