Smaller Sukhavativyuha Sutra

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The Smaller Sukhavativyuha Sutra (Skt. Sukhāvatīvyūhasūtra; Tib. བདེ་བ་ཅན་གྱི་བཀོད་པའི་མདོ་ , dewachen gyi köpé do, Wyl. bde ba can gyi bkod pa'i mdo), which takes place in the Jeta Grove, contains a detailed description by Buddha Shakyamuni of the Sukhavati pure realm of Buddha Amitabha. Buddha Shakyamuni further explains how virtuous people who focus single-mindedly on Buddha Amitabha will obtain a rebirth in Sukhavati in their next life, and he urges all to develop faith in this teaching. In support, he cites the similar way in which the various buddhas of the six directions exhort their followers to develop confidence in this teaching on Sukhavati. The sutra ends with a short dialogue between Shariputra and Buddha Shakyamuni that highlights the difficulty of enlightened activity in a degenerate age.[1]

The Sanskrit term vyūha (Tib. བཀོད་པ་, köpa, Wyl. bkod pa) means display: the sutra is a description of the Sukhavati pure realm and its characteristics.


The Sanskrit version of this text is still extant today. According to the Sanskrit scholar Luis Gomez, the text first appeared in its written form during the first century ᴄᴇ, possibly in what was then Northwest India and is now Pakistan.[2]

There are several Chinese translations of this sutra, dating from between 240 and 400 ᴄᴇ.

It was translated into Tibetan from Sanskrit by Danashila and Shyang Yeshé Dé in the eighth or ninth century. It can be found in the:

English Translations


  1. Source: 84000
  2. Id.

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