Specifically characterized

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The specifically characterized (Skt. svalakṣaṇa; Tib. རང་མཚན་; rang tsen, Wyl. rang mtshan) is defined as "an entity that is unique in terms of its location, time and nature" [1]

Alternative Translations

  • Specifically characterized phenomena[2]
  • Particular (Dunne)


  1. yul dus rang bzhin ma 'dres par gnas pa'i dngos po'.'
  2. Dunne has objected to the use of the word 'phenomenon' here. See Dunne (2004), p. 83, n. 46

Further Reading

  • John D. Dunne, Foundations of Dharmakirti's Philosophy, Wisdom Publications, 2004

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