Teaching the Relative and Ultimate Truths

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Teaching the Relative and Ultimate Truths (Skt. Saṃvṛtiparamārthasatyanirdeśa; Tib. ཀུན་རྫོབ་དང་དོན་དམ་པའི་བདེན་པ་བསྟན་པ།, Wyl. kun rdzob dang don dam pa’i bden pa bstan pa) — a significant Mahayana sutra in which Manjushri expounds on the two truths.

At the beginning of the text, bodhisattva Manjushri is summoned by Buddha Shakyamuni from a faraway buddha realm to teach in a way that demolishes all dualistic experience. As Manjushri begins to teach, the main message of the sutra unfolds as an explanation of the two truths. The general theme of Manjushri’s discourse is centred on the particular circumstances in Ratnaketu’s buddha realm, but the message is equally applicable to the experiences of beings here in this world.[1]


It appears that no Sanskrit manuscript remains extant.

The Tibetan translation of this sutra by Shakyaprabha, Jinamitra and Bandé Dharmatashila, can be found in the General Sutra section of the Tibetan Kangyur, Toh 179


  1. 84000 Translating the Words of the Buddha.