Dangma Lhundrup Gyaltsen

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Dangma Lhundrup Gyaltsen (Tib. ལྡང་མ་ལྷུན་གྲུབ་རྒྱལ་མཚན་, Wyl. ldang ma lhun grub rgyal mtshan) (10th-11th centuries) — one of the early masters of the Vima Nyingtik lineage of transmission in Tibet.

One hundred years after Nyang Tingdzin Zangpo attained the rainbow body of great transference[1], Dangma Lhundrup Gyaltsen, received a prophecy from the deity Dorje Lekpa and so revealed the Vima Nyingtik manuscripts which Nyang Tingdzin Zangpo had hidden in the temple of Shya Lhakhang in Central Tibet, in the ninth century. He also received from Drom Rinchen Bar[2] the complete transmission of the oral lineage of pith instructions of secret Nyingtik teachings. Dangma Lhundrup Gyaltsen then passed down to Chetsün Sengé Wangchuk the complete transmission of these teachings[3]. As Dangma passed away, the entire sky was filled with rainbow light, and after his passing, countless marvelous remains and relics appeared.[4]


  1. This is according to most sources such as the oldest record of biographical details about Dangma Lhungyal, the History of the Vima Nyingtik ascribed to Shyangtön Tashi Dorje, or to Nyoshul Khenpo's Garland. According to Dudjom Rinpoche's Nyingma School (556), "Eight years after [Nyang Tingdzin Zangpo] had dissolved into light, and in the time of Nyangmi Tarma, Uru Zholma Gecok had a son, called the elder, Dangma Lhundrup Gyaltsen." It may be noted that in Tibetan, the spelling of eight (brgyad) and of hundred (brgya) are very close. It may well be a spelling mistake that appeared at a stage or another of the preparation of the publication. Also, since Dangma Lhungyal gave the transmission to Chetsün Sengé Wangchuk in the early 11th century, and that Nyang Ben passed away somewhere in the first half of the 9th century, even though we don't know how long Dangma Lhungyal lived, it seems more likely that he was born 100 years after, rather than 8.
  2. This is according to Nyoshul Khenpo's History. According to Dudjom Rinpoche's History, he received the oral lineage from Bé Lodrö Wangchuk."
  3. According to Dudjom Rinpoche's History, he also entrusted the teachings to Kharak Gomchung and Nyang Kadampa.
  4. Reference for this complete paragraph: Nyoshul Khenpo, A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage, page 84-85.

Further Reading

  • Dudjom Rinpoche, The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, Its Fundamentals and History, trans. and ed. Gyurme Dorje (Boston: Wisdom, 1991), pages 556-557.
  • Nyoshul Khenpo, A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage (Junction City: Padma Publications, 2005), page 84-85.
  • Shangton Tashi Dorje. “rdzogs pa chen po snying thig gi lo rgyus chen mo.” In rnying ma bka' ma rgyas pa. Kalimpong: Dupjung Lama, 1985. Vol. 45, pp. 503 675.

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