Five royal sutras

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Five royal sutras (Tib. རྒྱལ་པོ་མདོ་ལྔ།, Wyl. rgyal po mdo lnga) are one of two sets of profound, relatively short, and pithy works traditionally said to have been translated on Padmasambhava’s recommendation and used for daily practice by the eighth century Tibetan king Trisong Detsen. Their use is said to have contributed, along with other practices, to the king’s life being prolonged by thirteen years beyond the limit predicted by astrological reckoning. The other set is the ten royal sutras in which these are included.

  1. The King of Aspiration Prayers which is in chapter 44 of the Avatamsaka Sutra, for aspiration, and described as vast.
  2. Dorje Namjom or Vajra Conqueror for cleansing and purification.
  3. Heart Sutra for the view, and described as profound.
  4. The Sūtra on Wisdom at the Hour of Death for meditation and described as of definitive meaning.
  5. The Confession of Downfalls, which is part of ‘’Ascertaining the Discipline: the Sutra of Upali’s Questions’’ (Skt. Vinaya-viniścayopāli-paripṛcchā, Toh 68); for purification of karmic obscurations.

Alternative Translations

  • Five kingly sutras

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