Thirty Stanzas

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The Thirty Stanzas (Skt. Triṃśikā-kārikā; Tib. ཚིག་ལེའུར་བྱས་པ་སུམ་ཅུ་པ་, Wyl. tshig le'ur byas pa sum cu pa) is one of the most important writings by Vasubandhu. There is a commentary by Sthiramati entitled An Explanation of the Thirty [Stanzas] (Skt. Triṃśikābhāṣya; Wyl. sum cu pa'i bshad pa).


The original Sanskrit version of this text is extant.

Translations & Further Reading

In English

  • Stefan Anacker, Seven Works of Vasubandhu: The Buddhist Psychological Doctor (Motilal Banarsidass, 1984, 2nd Edition, 2002), pages 181-190.
  • Ben Connelly, Inside Vasubandhu's Yogacara: A Practitioner's Guide (Wisdom Publications, 2016)
  • Francis H.Cook, Three Texts on Consciousness Only, translated from the Chinese of Hsüan-tsang (Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, 1999)
  • Khenpo David Karma Choephel, Thirty Verses (2022). Text available at

In French

  • Philippe Cornu, Vasubandhu, Cinq traités sur l'esprit seulement (Paris: Fayard, 2008). This translation includes Sthiramati's commentary. Text available at

Teachings Given to the Rigpa Sangha

External Links