Truly existent nature

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Truly existent nature (Skt. pariniṣpanna-svabhāva; Wyl. yongs grub mtshan nyid) ― the third of the three natures presented in the Mind Only school. Truly existent (Skt. pariniṣpanna; Tib. ཡོངས་གྲུབ་, yongdrub, Wyl. yongs grub) when affixed to 'nature', connotes on the objective side the nature an object has when it is thoroughly understood. On the subjective side, it connotes the nature apparent to one who is fully accomplished intellectually and meditatively. It represents the highest and most complete understanding of a phenomenon.[1]

Vasubandhu describes the truly existent nature as "the continual absence of the imputed nature within the dependent nature".

Alternative Translations

  • Perfect nature (Karl Brunnhölzl)
  • Consummate nature (Jay L. Garfield)
  • Absolute (Lama Chökyi Nyima)
  • Perfected nature
  • Truly established
  • Perfectly established


  1. From an article by Jay L. Garfield on Vasubandhu’s Treatise on the Three Natures in Buddhist Philosophy: Essential Readings, Oxford University Press 2009, ISBN: 978-0-19-532817-2