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The English word object translated both the Sanskrit artha (Tib. དོན་, Wyl. don, pron. dön) and viṣaya (Tib. ཡུལ་; Wyl. yul), defined as "that which can be known with the mind".[1]


Objects can be categorized as apparent or hidden, relative or absolute, specifically characterized or generally characterized, substantial or imputed, or in terms of the four types of object. They can also be classified based on the senses into the six types of object.

Alternative Translations

For viṣaya/yul

  • Epistemic object (Pettit)


  1. blos rig par bya ba