Well Explained Reasoning
Well Explained Reasoning (Skt. Vyākhyāyukti; Tib. རྣམ་པར་བཤད་པའི་རིགས་པ་, Wyl. rnam par bshad pa'i rigs pa) — a work by Vasubandhu that sets out the principles of exegesis or hermeneutics and teaches how to interpret and explain the content of a sutra. It has five chapters, and in the fourth Vasubandhu refutes the assertion that the Great Vehicle cannot be considered as Buddhism.
It states that sutras are to be explained according to:
- their purpose (Skt. sūtrānta-prayojana; Wyl. mdo sde 'i dgos pa)
- their summarized meaning (Skt. piṇḍārtha; Wyl. bsdus pa'i don)
- the meaning of the words (Skt. padārtha; Wyl. tshig gi don)
- their sequence and connection (Skt. anusaṃdhi; Wyl. mtshams sbyar ba)
- objections and refutations (Skt. codyaparihāra; Wyl. brgal ba dang lan)
These five topics are discussed in the first four chapters. The fifth chapter is an appendix on the benefits of listening to the dharma.
- One Hundred Extracts from the Sūtras for the Principles of Exegesis (Skt. Vyākhyāyukti-sūtra-khaṇḍaśata; Wyl. rnam par bshad pa rigs pa'i mdo sde'i dum bu brgya), by Vasubandhu. A collection of 105 sutra passages that serve as Vasubandhu's source material.
- Commentary on the Principles of Exegesis (Skt. Vyākhyāyukti-ṭīkā; Wyl rnam par bshad pa rigs pa'i bshad pa) by Gunamati.
- Skilling, Peter. Vasubandhu and the Vyākhyāyukti Literature, in the Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Volume 23, Number 2, 2000, page 334-335.
- Principles of Elucidation (Ron Garry)
- Reasoned Exposition (Dharmachakra Translation Committee)
- Rational System of Exposition (Gyurme Dorje)
- Principles of Exegesis (Peter Skilling)
- Skilling, Peter. Vasubandhu and the Vyākhyāyukti Literature, in the Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, Volume 23, Number 2, 2000.
- Cabezon, Jose Ignacio. Vasubandhu's Vyākhyāyukti on the Authenticity of the Mahāyāna Sūtras, in Timm, Jeffrey R, Texts in Context: Traditional Hermeneutics in South Asia. SUNY Press, 1992.
- Verhagen, Peter C.Studies in Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Hermeneutics (4): The Vyākhyāyukti of Vasubandhu Journal Asiatique 293, no. 2 (2005): 559–602.