Eight Lords of Physicians

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The Eight Lords of Physicians (Tib. སྨན་བླ་བརྒྱད་, men la gyé, Wyl. sman bla brgyad) aka Eight Sugatas who are Lords of Physicians (སྨན་བླ་བདེ་གཤེགས་བརྒྱད་, men la deshek gyé, sman bla bde gshegs brgyad) aka Eight Sugata-Brothers who are Lords of Physicians (སྨན་བླ་བདེ་གཤེགས་མཆེད་བརྒྱད་, men la deshek ché gyé, sman bla bde gshegs mched brgyad) aka Eight Brothers who are Lords of Physicians (སྨན་བླ་མཆེད་བརྒྱད་, men la ché gyé, sman bla mched brgyad) — a set of Eight ‘Medicine Buddhas’ appearing in two Kriya Tantra texts[1]. They are the Seven Tathagatas with the addition of Shakyamuni Buddha:

  1. Shakyamuni (Skt. Śākyamuni; Wyl. shAkya thub pa)
  2. Renowned King of Splendour (Skt. Suparikīrtitanāmaśrīrāja; Wyl. mtshan legs yongs grags dpal gyi rgyal po)
  3. Jewel, Moon and Lotus Adorned King of Intelligence, Brilliance and Eloquence (Skt. Ratnacandrapadmapratimaṇḍitapaṇḍitatejasvaraghoṣarāja; Wyl. rin po che dang zla ba dang padmas rab tu brgyan pa mkhas pa gzi brjid sgra dbyangs kyi rgyal po)
  4. Flawless Pure Gold, Jewel Light, Master of Courageous Conduct (Skt. Suvarṇabhadravimalaratnaprabhāsavrata; Wyl. gser bzang dri med rin chen snang brtul zhugs pa)
  5. Sorrowless Eminent Splendour (Skt. Aśokottamaśrī; Wyl. mya ngan med mchog dpal)
  6. Dharma Expounding Melodious Ocean (Skt. Dharmakīrtisāgaraghoṣa; Wyl. chos sgrags rgya mtsho’i dbyang)
  7. King of Insight, Playful Dharma Ocean of Higher Knowledge (Skt. Dharmasāgarāgramativikrīḍitābhijñārāja; Wyl. chos rgya mtsho mchog gi blos rnam par rol bar mngon par mkhyen pa’i rgyal po)
  8. Lord of Physicians, Radiant Lapis Lazuli King aka the 'Buddha of Medicine' (Skt. Bhaiṣajyaguru-Vaiḍūryaprabhārāja; Wyl. sman gyi bla bai dū rya’i ’od kyi rgyal po)

References

  1. The Sūtra Describing in Full the Specific Previous Vows of the Seven Tathāgatas (D 503, Skt. sapta-tathāgata-pūrva-praṇi­dhāna-viśeṣa-vistāra-sūtra; Wyl. phags pa de bzhin gshegs pa bdun gyi sngon gyi smon lam gyi khyad par rgyas pa zhes bya ba theg pa chen po'i mdo) and The Incantation of Vaiḍūrya-prabhā (D 505, Skt. tathāgata-vaiḍūrya-prabhā-nāma-balādhāna-samādhi-dhāraṇī; Wyl. bai DUr+ya'i 'od gyi gzungs)