Nupchen Sangye Yeshe

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Sangyé Yeshé

Nupchen Sangyé Yeshé (Tib. གནུབས་ཆེན་སངས་རྒྱས་ཡེ་ཤེས་, Wyl. gnubs chen sangs rgyas ye shes) — one of the twenty-five disciples of Guru Rinpoche. He is said to have lived for 110 years or more[1]. He brought the Anuyoga teachings to Tibet and translated many tantras. He also was a student of Vimalamitra and many other great masters.

Legend has that it was due to his miraculous powers that King Langdarma spared the lay tantrikas when persecuting Buddhist followers in Tibet.


  • Armour Against Darkness: A Commentary Explaining the Difficult Points of the Sutra Which Gathers the Intentions of All the Buddhas (Düpa Do) (Wyl. sangs rgyas thams cad kyi dgongs pa 'dus pa mdo'i dka' 'grel mun pa'i go cha lde mig gsal byed rnal 'byor nyi ma, Tib. སངས་རྒྱས་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་དགོངས་པ་འདུས་པ་མདོའི་དཀའ་འགྲེལ་མུན་པའི་གོ་ཆ་ལྡེ་མིག་གསལ་བྱེད་རྣལ་འབྱོར་ཉི་མ་ཞེས་བྱ་བའི་སྨད་ཆ་བཞུགས་སོ།)
  • The Lamp for the Eye of Contemplation (Wyl. bsam gtan mig sgron, Samten Mikdrön)
    • English translation: The Lamp for the Eye of Contemplation, in The Lamp for the Eye of Contemplation, the bSam-gtan mig-sgron by gNubs-chen Sangs-rgyas ye-shes: hermeneutical study with English translation and critical edition of a Tibetan Buddhist text on contemplation, thesis by Dylan Esler.
    • Further reading: Carmen Meinert, Structural Analysis of the bsam gtan mig sgron: A Comparison of the Fourfold Correct Practice in the āryāvikalpapraveśanāmadhāraṇī and the Contents of the Four Main Chapters of the bsam gtan mig sgron


  1. Some sources say one hundred eleven (Dudjom Rinpoche), some (Ming mdzod) say one hundred and thirty years, remaining alive until the reign of Pelkhortsan (r. 906-924).

Further Reading

  • Dylan Esler, On the Life of gNubs-chen Sangs-rgyas ye-shes, Institut Orientaliste Université Catholique de Louvain.
  • Manuel López, Bringing Light Into the Darkness: An Intellectual History of Tibet's Dark Age (842-978 CE), University of Virginia, 2014.

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