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Nine Yidams thangka, courtesy of Khenpo Jigphun[1]

Wang Dü (Tib. དབང་སྡུད་, Wyl. dbang sdud) is the common abbreviated title of the prayer by Mipham Rinpoche called The Great Cloud of Blessings: The Prayer which Magnetizes All that Appears and Exists (སྣང་སྲིད་དབང་དུ་སྡུད་པའི་གསོལ་འདེབས་བྱིན་རླབས་སྤྲིན་ཆེན་, snang srid dbang du sdud pa'i gsol 'debs byin rlabs sprin chen). It was written in 1879.


According to Khenpo Namdrol:[2]

This prayer is called “that which brings within one’s power all that appears and all that exists’. It goes by such a name because if you make this prayer fervently, you will be able to magnetize or bring within your power the phenomena of the entire universe. This comprises both the inanimate environment and its animate inhabitants, sentient beings.

According to Sogyal Rinpoche, ‘If you look more deeply, Wang Dü is magnetizing but it is also taming your mind. Transforming your mind is the most powerful Wang Dü. Practising Wang Dü brings more wang tang[3].

Writing of the Prayer

The Wang Dü prayer was composed in 1879 by Mipham Rinpoche. According to Sogyal Rinpoche, ‘Even though the Wang Dü is not identified as a terma—there are no terma punctuations in this work—basically, everything came from Mipham Rinpoche’s wisdom mind, from Manjushri. Like for the Sollo Chenmo, the language of Wang Dü is so extraordinarily evocative.’[4]



There are nine deities invoked in the prayer:

  1. The central deity is Pema Gyalpo portrayed in sambhogakaya form.
  2. Above is Vajradharma (Tib. Dorje Chö) and,
  3. At the top, Amitabha, both are on the level of dharmakaya
  4. Avalokiteshvara, as Padmapani is on the top right (from the point of view of the main deity)
  5. Hayagriva is on the top left.
  6. Guhyajñana the dakini is on the right side of Pema Gyalpo.
  7. Vajravarahi, the dakini is on the left side of Pema Gyalpo.
  8. Kurukulla is in the bottom right corner.
  9. Döpé Gyalpo is in the bottom left corner.

Prayer Flag

The Wang Dü prayer flag contains both images and prayers. In the prayer flag flown at Rigpa centres the images are of the deities mentioned in the prayer and are based on a print of a thangka given to Sogyal Rinpoche by Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok. Normally, mantras and prayers are the main feature of prayer flags, rather than images, so it is the prayer that is the main thing, as it says in the text. The Wang Dü prayer flags are usually printed on red cloth, the color of magnetism.


During the 19th of 20th century

Wang Dü is a very powerful practice and, actually, a very sacred practice. So much so that some nyingma lamas guard it as something quite secret, and do not reveal the practice of Wang Dü [5]. Previously, the Wang Dü prayer flag was not widely distributed and was considered secret or, perhaps, personal.

In Tibet, with Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok

During the 1980’s, Khenpo Jigphun flew many Wang Dü prayer flags around his monastery of Larung Gar. In a private conversation with Sogyal Rinpoche, Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok shared that he felt ‘all his work in Tibet was thanks to practising Wang Dü’[6]

According to Sogyal Rinpoche:

Someway, the success of all the enlightened activity of Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok is attributed to the practice of Wang Dü. […] During winter, there used to be almost 65,000 students in Larung Gar. Khenpo Jikphun used to give 10 rupees to all practitioners, requesting each of them to accumulate Wang Dü prayers. Together, they have accumulated millions and millions and millions of Wang Dü. That is why Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok has been able to turn the minds of so many people towards the Dharma, and make Larung Gar this great centre[7].

Orgyen Topgyal Rinpoche recounts that ‘When he traveled to Larung Gar, the whole area was filled with red flags [of Wang Dü]’.[8]

Within the Rigpa Sangha

Wang Dü is the main prayer of magnetizing activities practiced within the Sangha of Rigpa. According to Sogyal Rinpoche[9]:

Chagdud Tulku Rinpoche sent us the Wang Dü prayer by fax, many years ago, saying we should do it. It was also Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche‘s suggestion to do Wangdü. Tulku Pegyal Rinpoche also asked us to do Wangdü, and then, Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok.

The prayer and its image is regularly printed in the Rigpa Calendar, following advice that this would be beneficial.





Teachings on Wang Dü Given to the Rigpa Sangha

  • Sogyal Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 17 August 1996
  • Alak Zenkar Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 17 June 2009
  • Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche, Berlin, June 2009
  • Sogyal Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 1-2 June 2009
  • Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 7 November 2013
  • Sogyal Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, 8 November 2013
  • Gyurme Avertin, online, 18 July 2020, 'Mipham Rinpoche's Wang Dü', Prajna Dharma Talk available here


  1. Khenpo Sodargye explains that “this thangka was commissioned by Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok, who asked a famous artist to paint it. The thangka is called “The Nine Yidams”. Although different masters have different views on the Nine Yidams (as shown in Metrul Tenzin Gyatso’s commentary to the Wang Dü prayer), this ritual of the Nine Yidams is a terma of Padmasambhava, revealed by Tertön Lerab Lingpa, Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok’s previous incarnation. The Wang Dü prayer was composed by Mipham Rinpoche. The order of the Wang Dü prayer does not correspond completely to the Nine Yidam practice, but enough for this thangka to be relevant. The main objects of supplication in the Wang Dü prayer are these nine yidams, each surrounded by an assembly of countless deities”.
  2. Khenpo Namdrol, Commentary on the Wang Dü prayer, 1998, Rigpa.
  3. Sogyal Rinpoche, Background of Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 1 June 2009.
  4. Sogyal Rinpoche, Background of Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 1 June 2009.
  5. Sogyal Rinpoche, Background of Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 1 June 2009.
  6. Sogyal Rinpoche, Oral teaching on Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 17 August 1996.
  7. Sogyal Rinpoche, Background of Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 1 June 2009.
  8. Sogyal Rinpoche, Background of Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 1 June 2009.
  9. Sogyal Rinpoche, oral teaching on Wang Dü, Lerab Ling, 17 August 1996.

External Links